DNA Project

The Park/e/s DNA Surname Project

The availability of DNA testing for genealogical purposes has enabled many to overcome “brick walls” in their family research, and Parke Society members have benefited greatly from this relatively new genealogical tool.

By testing the Y-chromosome of males bearing the Park/e/s surname and comparing the results with others in our database, we can determine whether participants share a common male Park/e/s ancestor. With numerous well-researched lines represented in our database, each new project member is likely to find a genetic connection to others who may have valuable lineage information to exchange. In the case of members who can only trace their Park/e/s ancestry back several generations, combining test results with the resources available to the Parke Society makes it possible to eliminate lineages which do not connect genetically, and to search the genetically linked lineages for likely candidates for the father of one’s earliest known male Park/e/s ancestor.

To join the Park/e/s DNA Surname Project and order a test at the reduced group rate, click here Park/e/s FTDNA. http://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?&group=Parke&vGroup=park-e-s

For questions about the Park/e/s DNA Surname Project, contact the group administrator at dnaadmin@parke.org

To view the Park/e/s DNA Surname Project website click here: FTDNA. http://www.familytreedna.com/public/park-e-s/

Seeking unrepresented Park/e/s lineages.

The Parke Society has a unique system of identification for the many different Park/e/s lineages, known as the Lineage Key system (LK) which assigns a one or two letter designation to each lineage, then adds numbers before and after the LK to indicate the generation and the unique number of each individual in a lineage. For a fuller explanation of the LK system, see About the Lineage Key System.

In an effort to increase the number of LKs in our database which have been genetically identified using the Y-chromosome test, the Society has allocated funds to subsidize a Y-DNA37 marker test to any eligible test candidate from an unrepresented LK. To participate, simply contact the project administrator via email at dnaadmin@parke.org

Below is a listing of all the LKs currently represented in the Park/e/s DNA Surname Project:

Represented Lineage Keys as of 1 August 2023. The number in parentheses is the group in which this Lineage Key can be found.

A(004)-C(028)-C Subgroup (029)-G(034)-K(038)-P(016)-Q(042)-R(041)-T(023)-U(046)-X(043)-Z(046)-Pershouse(042)


LINEAGE Information of Park/e/s DNA Participants

The table below lists the haplogroup pages along with the lineage information and group analysis pages with the known ancestry of each test participant. The tests are listed in the same order in which they appear in the ‘Y Results’ table on the Park/e/s DNA project website hosted by FTDNA.


Matching test results have been grouped together and color-coded for easier comparison on the ‘Y Results’ page. Tests are first grouped by Haplogroup, then by the subgroups within that Haplogroup using the Parke Society LINEAGE KEY designation, when known. The Parke Society (PS) assigns a LINEAGE KEY (LK) to each lineage within its membership. These are designated by using LK=__ and I have used those LK designations for each participant and/or group, when known.

When known, the immigrant LK for each group will be listed first, in [brackets]. The remaining LKs in each group will then be listed alphabetically. These “fragment lines,” in most cases, are assumed to be descended from the immigrant ancestor, though the connecting generations to known descendants has not yet been found. In some groups there will be more than one immigrant line. It is hoped that, with increased use of the Big Y 700 SNP testing, it may be possible to further sort these lines in terms of how they relate and branch off from their common ancestry.

Click on any highlighted group name to jump to its lineage information page. Pages marked as “Reserved for future use” are unlinked. Please contact the group administrator at dnaadmin@parke.org if you have any questions concerning haplogroups, groups, and DNA marker tests, as well as incorrect or missing information.


About My Haplogroup: Haplogroup I dates to 23,000 years ago or longer. LINEAGES not in branches I1, I2a or I2b are found distributed at low frequency throughout Europe.


About My Haplogroup: The lineage likely has its roots in northern France. Today it is found most frequently within Viking / Scandinavian populations in Northwest Europe and extends at low frequencies into Central and Eastern Europe.


About My Haplogroup: The lineage likely has its roots in northern France. Today it is found most frequently within Viking / Scandinavian populations in northwest Europe and has since spread down into Central and Eastern Europe, where it is found at low frequencies.


About My Haplogroup: This lineage originated in the northern portion of the Fertile Crescent where it later spread throughout central Asia, the Mediterranean, and south into India. As with other populations with Mediterranean ancestry this lineage is found within Jewish populations.


About My Haplogroup: This haplogroup is the only lineage strictly associated with native American populations. This haplogroup is defined by the presence of the M3 mutation. This mutation occurred on the Q lineage 8-12 thousand years ago as the migration into the Americas was underway. There is some debate as to on which side of the Bering Strait this mutation occurred, but it definitely happened in the ancestors of the Native American peoples.

  • Group 019: Q-M3
  • Group 020: Reserved for future use
  • Group 021: Reserved for future use


About My Haplogroup: The undifferentiated R lineage is currently found in India, Pakistan, and Central Asia at intermediate frequencies.


About My Haplogroup: The R-M269 lineage likely began in West Asia. It is the descendant of the major R-M343 lineage. Some of your genetic cousins traveled northwest into Central Asia and on to Europe. Others moved south and entered the Levant Region.